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Kalyan Mandal lectures on Indian Poverty Alleviation Policy
March 12, 2014 - 14:15-16:00
Professor Kalyan Mandal from the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta (IIMC) in Kolkata, India, holds a guest lecture at Lund University. He will speak about ”Evolution of Poverty Alleviation Policy in India and Its Shaping”. Mandal is currently Visiting Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR) chair professor at Lund University.
Abstract: As India got independence in 1947, to establish a ‘socialist pattern of society’ was the goal set by the founding fathers of Indian Constitution. ‘Land Reform’ involving redistribution of land from the rich landlords to the landless was one important strategy (egalitarian measure) for advancing socialist goal. This can also be considered as a substantive policy measure intended to alleviate poverty. However, land reform failed to make much headway in practice. Thus, in the 1970’s emphasis for advancing socialist goal shifted from ‘egalitarian measures’ of land reform to ‘ameliorative measures’ emphasising on ‘growth-with-equity’ through the introduction of Small Farmers’ Development Agency (SFDA) programme. The SFDA programme suffered from misappropriation of assistance meant for the small farmers by the big farmers. In the 1980’s emphasis shifted from ‘equity’ to ‘poverty alleviation’, primarily through a strategy of asset endowment to the poor (people living ‘below the poverty line’) through the introduction of Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). However, the IRDP assistance was often misappropriated by the non-poor and the IRDP failed to alleviate poverty of the very poor.
Venue for the seminar: Dept. of Economic History, Alfa1:3004, Scheelevägen 15 B, Lund.