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Dissertation Defense: MA Shenghua Xie
May 31, 2018 - 12:00-16:00
MA Shenghua Xie defends his dissertation in Social Policy entitled From circular migration to urban settlement and to urban integration: A three-stage perspective on rural-urban migration in China.
China is experiencing the largest rural-urban migration in human history, a migration that will profoundly affect more than 400 million members of the country’s population in the 21st century. A considerable number of studies have examined this significant event. Yet, a critical question that has not yet been sufficiently addressed concerns how to conceptualize the entire migration process, which consists of different stages. This thesis constructs an integrated theoretical framework that divides China’s rural-urban migration into three stages, namely circular migration, urban settlement, and urban integration. The circular migration stage occurred from the late 1970s to the 2000s and was characterized by the fact that rural-urban migrants were only temporary residents in cities and traveled between rural and urban areas. The urban settlement stage lasts from the 2000s to approximately the 2030s. This stage is characterized by rural-urban migrants gradually choosing to settle permanently in cities and become permanent residents. The urban integration stage will begin in the 2030s. The significant characteristic of this stage is that new urban residents will seek to integrate into cities and become effective members of urban society. This study postulates that during each stage, the aims of rural-urban migration, the identity of rural-urban migrants, the Chinese hukou system, and government policies will be distinctive.
Opponent: Professori Peter Saunders, University of New South Wales, Australia
Custos: Professor Veli-Matti Ritakallio, University of Turku