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Peace in Korea: Dream or Real Possibility?
April 9, 2019 - 14:00-16:00
In 2017, peace on the Korean Peninsula seemed like a distant dream. North Korea carried out an unprecedented number of nuclear and missile tests; threats and invectives were exchanged between Pyongyang and Washington; and the UN Security Council adopted new and harsher sanctions against North Korea.
2018 transformed the dream into what seemed to be a real possibility. There were no more tests. North Korea accepted South Korea’s invitation to send representatives to the PyeongChang Winter Olympics, and a whirlwind of summits followed, including inter-Korean summits between President Moon Jae-in and Chairman Kim Jong-un, and summits between Chairman Kim and China’s President Xi Jinping. A friendly summit was also held in Singapore in June between Chairman Kim and US President Donald Trump. They agreed to aim for the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula. After 65 years of a tense ceasefire, it seemed that peace was within reach. More US-North Korean talks were held, and plans for inter-Korean cooperation were moved closer to implementation.
Then a second Kim-Trump summit was held in Hanoi on 27-28 February 2019. When it broke down, the same old question re-emerged: Is peace again just a dream, or is it still a real possibility?
- What were the reactions in South Korea to the breakdown of the Hanoi summit?
- Can rapprochement between the two Korean states continue?
- Are productive talks between Pyongyang and Washington still possible?
- Is there a real chance that North Korea will denuclearize?
- What role could Norway and Europe play?
Keynote speaker: Professor Chung-in MOON of Yonsei University in Seoul
Panel: Sun Heidi Sæbø (journalist at Dagbladet), Professor Chaesung CHUN (Seoul National University), and Sverre Lodgaard (NUPI).
Moderator: Research Professor Stein Tønnesson (PRIO)